What is Legge 231 and how it complies with Whistleblowing?

Legge 231, also known as the Italian Legislative Decree 231/2001, is an Italian law that addresses the administrative liability of entities, including companies and organizations, for certain criminal offenses committed by individuals within their structures. This law aims to establish accountability for illegal actions, such as corruption, fraud, and other white-collar crimes. In this blog, we will explore what Legge 231 entails and how it aligns with the principles of whistleblowing, which plays a crucial role in ensuring compliance and transparency within organizations.

Understanding Legge 231

Legge 231, passed in 2001, introduced the concept of corporate liability in Italy. It holds organizations accountable for specific criminal offenses committed by their directors, employees, or agents in the interest of the company. This law encourages organizations to implement effective compliance programs to prevent these offenses and mitigate their consequences.

Key provisions of Legge 231 include:

  • Identification of Offenses: Legge 231 identifies a range of offenses for which organizations can be held liable, including corruption, bribery, fraud, money laundering, and certain environmental crimes.

  • Penalties: Organizations found guilty under Legge 231 can face significant fines, exclusion from public procurement contracts, and court-ordered dissolution in severe cases.

  • Compliance Programs: To mitigate liability, organizations are encouraged to establish and maintain effective compliance programs that include risk assessments, internal controls, and mechanisms for reporting and preventing illegal activities.

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The Role of Whistleblowing in Legge 231 Compliance

Whistleblowing mechanisms play a crucial role in ensuring compliance with Legge 231 and preventing the commission of offenses covered by the law. Here's how whistleblowing aligns with Legge 231:

  • Reporting Mechanism: Whistleblowing provides a secure and confidential reporting mechanism for employees and stakeholders to report potential violations of Legge 231. This reporting channel is vital for early detection and intervention.

  • Anonymity and Protection: Whistleblowing safeguards the identities of individuals who report misconduct, offering anonymity and protection against retaliation. This encourages more whistleblowers to come forward with valuable information.

  • Internal Controls: Organizations can integrate whistleblowing into their internal control systems, ensuring that reported concerns are promptly investigated and addressed in line with Legge 231 requirements.

  • Compliance Programs: Whistleblowing is a key component of effective compliance programs, as it helps organizations identify and mitigate the risks of Legge 231 violations.

  • Transparency and Accountability: Whistleblowing promotes transparency and accountability within organizations, demonstrating a commitment to ethical conduct and Legge 231 compliance.

  • Legal and Regulatory Compliance: By providing a mechanism for reporting violations, whistleblowing helps organizations stay compliant with legal and regulatory requirements, including those outlined in Legge 231.


Legge 231 is an important legal framework that holds organizations accountable for certain criminal offenses committed by individuals within their structures. Whistleblowing serves as a critical tool for Legge 231 compliance by providing a confidential, secure, and effective means for reporting potential violations. It aligns with the principles of transparency, accountability, and ethical conduct, which are essential for preventing and addressing offenses covered by the law. In today's corporate landscape, organizations must embrace whistleblowing as a fundamental component of their compliance programs to ensure they remain in adherence with Legge 231 and other relevant regulations.

If you're looking to implement a mobile tool for whistleblowing, we've got you covered. Falcony | Whistleblowing is easy-to-use, fast to set up, has customisable workflows, vast integration possibilities and more. Contact us for more information.

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